SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1110: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1110

1. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were tried for and found guilty of

A. spying for Nazi Germany.
B. inciting opposition to World War II.
C. being communists.
D. providing information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union.
E. violating tax laws.

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were accused of passing atomic secrets to the Soviets. There are no high-profile cases involving Americans spying on Nazi Germany. The Rosenbergs—loyal communists—would not protest U.S. involvement in World War II. There were only a few isolated cases of people being arrested under the Smith Act for opposition to U.S. involvement in the war. Though many people were arrested and tried for simply being members of the Communist Party in the 1950s, the Rosenbergs were convicted of spying and were sent to the electric chair as punishment. Choice (E) might refer to Al Capone, a major gang leader during the Prohibition Era, who was convicted of tax evasion despite reports of far more serious crimes.

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