SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1130: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1130

1. Which of the following statements from the Seneca Falls Declaration of 1848 was NOT a concern of the feminist movement of the 1970s?

I. He has usurped the prerogative of Jehovah himself, claiming it as his right to assign for her a sphere of action, when that belongs to her conscience and to her God.

II. He has endeavored, in every way that he could, to destroy her confidence in her own powers, to lessen her self-respect and to make her willing to lead a dependent and abject life.

III. Now, in view of this entire disfranchisement of one-half the people in this country, we insist that [women] have immediate admission to all the rights and privileges which belong to them as women.

Answer choices:

A. I
B. II and III
C. III
D. I and III
E. I and II

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

The Seneca Falls Declaration of 1848, written by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, called for much more than suffrage, though suffrage was the most notable feature of the document at the time. By the 1970s, suffrage, discussed in choice (III), was not an issue because women had obtained the right to vote in 1920 with the 19th Amendment. (I) refers to God—not a primary preoccupation of the modern feminist movement—but it also addresses the existence of separate sphere of activity that confined women. (II) parallels a central argument of Betty Friedan's "The" Feminine Mystique, an important book for the feminist movement of the 1970s.

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