SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1132: Answer and Explanation
3. Nixon resigned because
A. he was impeached.
B. the Senate voted to impeach him.
C. there were too many demonstrations.
D. he was threatened with impeachment and did not have support in the Senate.
E. he had lied to Congress.
Correct Answer: D
Nixon was not impeached; he was threatened with impeachment, because the House Judiciary Committee passed articles of impeachment and the House was expected to vote to impeach him. He resigned because, if impeached, he would have been convicted in the Senate and would have had to leave office. Impeachment is a two-part process that starts in the House of Representatives; he would have been tried in the Senate. There were no significant anti-Nixon demonstrations, and he was not found guilty of lying to Congress.