SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1144: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1144

3. George W. Bush's immigration reform policy can best be described as

A. amnesty for all people who immigrated to the U.S. illegally.
B. unrealistic, in that it refused to acknowledge illegal immigrants who were already working in the United States.
C. a policy to deport immediately all illegal immigrants.
D. a pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants already working in the United States coupled with measures to restrict more from entering.
E. a way to safeguard American jobs for U.S. citizens.

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

While Bush did not advocate a policy of amnesty for illegal immigrants (A), he recognized that many make valuable contributions to the economy, so he wanted to provide a pathway to citizenship. Therefore, the answer cannot be (B). While some ultraconservatives may have supported immediate deportation (D), Bush had no desire to attempt such an unrealistic and impractical goal. The policy sought to punish companies that knowingly hired illegal immigrants, but it did not directly safeguard American jobs (E).

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