SAT Subject US History Practice Question 116: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 116

7. In a 1906 speech, Theodore Roosevelt described a man with a muckrake who "fixes his eyes . . . only on that which is vile and debasing." His speech gave rise to the new word muckrakers, referring to

A. farmers in lowland areas
B. trial lawyers
C. religious leaders
D. judges in criminal courts
E. investigative journalists

Correct Answer: E


Roosevelt was coining a metaphor comparing the literal muck in the stables with the figurative muck that journalists uncovered when they investigated scandals.

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