SAT Subject US History Practice Question 140: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 140

31. In The American Crisis, no. 1, Thomas Paine referred to "the summer soldier and the sunshine patriot." Whom did he mean?

A. Traitors to the U.S. Army
B. People who had supported independence before the war but changed their minds once it began
C. Colonists who had remained loyal to Great Britain all along
D. Soldiers who fired on the mobs during the Boston Massacre
E. Redcoats who fired on the minutemen, who were British subjects like themselves

Correct Answer: B


Paine was referring to those who gave up the idea of independence when they saw that it would mean hard times and sacrifice in the short term.

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