SAT Subject US History Practice Question 151: Answer and Explanation
42. Which of the following would give a historian the clearest insight into the reasons for the way the Constitution was written?
A. Minutes and transcripts of debates to the Constitutional Convention
B. The diary of a Convention delegate such as James Madison or Benjamin Franklin
C. A copy of the Federalist Papers
D. Newspaper editorials published during the Constitutional Convention
E. A copy of the Constitution
Correct Answer: A
The diary would give only one person's opinions; the Federali st Papers discuss only one side of the issue; there were no newspaper editorials published because the debates were secret; and the finished Constitution does not reveal the debate that went into its making.