SAT Subject US History Practice Question 374: Answer and Explanation
85. Which of the following explains the central role of the Catholic Church in Spanish exploration?
A. King Phillip II's Royal Orders for New Discoveries commanded the conversion of Native Americans to Catholicism.
B. The Pope would not bless ships crossing the Atlantic unless they took Catholic missionaries.
C. Native Americans made the establishment of mission schools a condition of peaceful relations with the Europeans.
D. Spain competed with France for territory in the New World.
E. The Papal Line of Demarcation gave Spain the right to establish mission schools in the Southwest.
Correct Answer: A
Converting the "heathens" to Catholicism was an important goal for the Spanish expeditions, at least in theory.