SAT Subject US History Practice Question 38: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 38

4. What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine?

A. To support democracy all over the world
B. To ally the United States with European interests
C. To encourage Latin American revolutionaries to rise up against the European colonial powers
D. To warn European nations not to invade or colonize the western hemisphere
E. To declare American neutrality in relations between Latin America and Europe

Correct Answer: D


The Monroe Doctrine stated that the United States would not interfere in conflicts between the European powers and their Latin American colonies but that the United States would regard any European attempt to colonize more territory in the western hemisphere or to retake a colony that had declared its independence as a threat to the United States. Therefore, choice D is correct.

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