SAT Subject US History Practice Question 383: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 383

4. Which of the following philosophers had the strongest influence on the framers' decision that the Constitution would require a government with three branches and a balance of power among them?

A. Locke
B. Montesquieu
C. Voltaire
D. Franklin
E. Hobbes

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

Montesquieu's Spirit of the Laws included his ideal design for a government, with the powers divided among different branches, each of which could check the powers of the others in some way.

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