SAT Subject US History Practice Question 418: Answer and Explanation
39. In 1937 President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to grant him the power to do which of the following?
A. Move the Supreme Court into the White House
B. Put the Supreme Court on administrative leave
C. Replace every Supreme Court justice who was over 70 years of age
D. Appoint nine new Supreme Court justices
E. Dissolve the Supreme Court
Correct Answer: C
Congress rejected Roosevelt's request, since the Constitution specified that judges would serve "during good behavior," meaning that they served for life unless they committed crimes or misdemeanors.