SAT Subject US History Practice Question 419: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 419

40. Which of the following was president when the U.S. government acquired the last of the territory that would make up the contiguous United States?

A. Abraham Lincoln
B. William McKinley
C. James Polk
D. Woodrow Wilson
E. Franklin Pierce

Correct Answer: E


The United States acquired the Southwestern land known as the Gadsden Purchase in 1854 during Franklin Pierce's presidency. This was six years after the Mexican Cession that the U.S. acquired at the end of the MexicanAmerican War under James Polk.

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