SAT Subject US History Practice Question 47: Answer and Explanation
2. The Gold Rush of 1849 had all the following immediate effects on California society EXCEPT:
A. The population became more ethnically diverse.
B. Many entrepreneurs made their fortunes from the miners.
C. The population grew by many thousands.
D. More and more people turned to farming to make a living.
E. Society became violent and lawless.
Correct Answer: D
People traveled to California during the Gold Rush because they wanted to get rich from gold, not by farming. Because so many people traveled west, the California population grew rapidly. Because most of those people were single men competing fiercely with one another for riches, crime rates were high.