SAT Subject US History Practice Question 483: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 483

14. All the following factors led to the decline and fall of the Industrial Workers of the World EXCEPT:

A. the failure of several labor strikes
B. people's fear of the IWW's methods and goals
C. refusal of employers to accept an open shop
D. a government crackdown on union activity
E. conflict within the IWW leadership

Correct Answer: C


An open shop is one in which workers are not required to join a union. The IWW and other labor organizations always fought for a closed shop because they knew that unions were most effective when all the employees belonged.

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