SAT Subject US History Practice Question 49: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 49

1. The immediate cause of Southern secession from the Union was

A. the raid on Harpers Ferry
B. the Pottawatomie Massacre
C. the election of Abraham Lincoln
D. the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act
E. the determination of Kansas to be a free state

Correct Answer: C


South Carolina seceded right after Lincoln's election. Choices A and B contributed to Southern dislike and distrust of the North, but the election of a Republican president was the immediate cause of secession.

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