SAT Subject US History Practice Question 50: Answer and Explanation
2. In his opinion in the case of Dred Scott v. Sanford, Chief Justice Taney stated all the following EXCEPT:
A. The Fifth Amendment protected slaveowners' rights to their property.
B. The Missouri Compromise had been unconstitutional because it violated slaveowners' property rights.
C. The framers of the Constitution clearly had not intended the Constitution to apply to anyone of African descent.
D. Slave status did not depend on geography but traveled everywhere with a person who was a slave.
E. As long as society provided separate but equal opportunities to African slaves, it did not have to do anything more for them.
Correct Answer: E
Choice E describes a doctrine that would become famous in a later Supreme Court case, Plessy v. Ferguson. In 1857, Africans were still slaves, and no Southerner was suggesting that they deserved equality.