SAT Subject US History Practice Question 54: Answer and Explanation
3. The Emancipation Proclamation, by implication, extended which of the following offers to Confederate states?
A. They could keep their slaves if they abandoned the Confederacy and rejoined the Union.
B. The war would continue until they freed their slaves.
C. The Union would pay them for their slaves if they would agree to free them.
D. The Union would surrender if they agreed to free their slaves.
E. The Confederacy could exist as an independent nation if it would build an impregnable border between its territory and that of the United States.
Correct Answer: A
The Emancipation Proclamation freed only the slaves who lived in states "in rebellion against the Union." It did not free the slaves in Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri, slaveholding states that had remained in the Union. The implication was clear: If any Confederate state rejoined the Union, it could continue to be a slaveholding state.