SAT Subject US History Practice Question 546: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 546

77. Congress passed the War Powers Act primarily because

A. Presidents Johnson and Nixon had usurped congressional authority in making war on Vietnam
B. the United States had not achieved a clear victory in Vietnam
C. the Vietnam War had been unpopular with the voters from the beginning
D. Congress believed that only the president should have the power to declare war
E. the public wanted to end the military draft and replace it with an all-volunteer army

Correct Answer: A


Johnson and Nixon had gone to war without Congress having declared war; that robbed Congress of one of its most important constitutional powers. The War Powers Act stated that the president could commit troops to a conflict for only 60 days without congressional authorization.

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