SAT Subject US History Practice Question 547: Answer and Explanation
78. The U.S. Department of Agriculture was created primarily to assist which of the following?
A. tenant farmers who were forced off their land during the Dust Bowl era
B. former slaves who wanted to acquire homesteads in the West
C. miners who fought against unsafe working conditions
D. struggling farmers on the Great Plains
E. ranchers who wanted to import a healthier breed of cattle
Correct Answer: D
The Department of Agriculture was created in 1862 to help farmers on the Great Plains who were not used to farming terrain with a small water supply and no trees to use for timber.