SAT Subject US History Practice Question 560: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 560

1. The main components of Henry Clay's American System were

A. a canal, railroads, and lower taxes
B. low tariffs, public education, military spending, and agriculture
C. a national bank, a protective tariff, and a national transportation system
D. trade with Europe, income taxes, and deficit spending
E. states' rights, local transportation, and a tax on Southern farmers

Correct Answer: C


The American System advocated a national bank with a sound national currency, protective tariffs that would encourage people to buy U.S.-made goods, and a national transportation system that would open new markets and make trade easier within the United States.

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