SAT Subject US History Practice Question 561: Answer and Explanation
2. All the following were possible motives for President Harry S. Truman using the atomic bomb against Japan EXCEPT:
A. Japan refused to surrender.
B. Truman wanted to dismantle Japan's nuclear facilities.
C. the bombing could prevent a costly U.S. land invasion of Japan.
D. Truman wished to demonstrate the power of the bomb to the Soviet Union.
E. The United States wanted revenge for Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor.
Correct Answer: B
Japan had no nuclear facilities of its own in 1945.