SAT Subject US History Practice Question 575: Answer and Explanation
16. Which of the following established a court system in the United States?
A. The Articles of Confederation
B. The Bill of Rights
C. The Fifth Amendment
D. The Sixth Amendment
E. The Judiciary Act of 1789
Correct Answer: E
The Constitution gave Congress the authority to set up a court system; Congress fulfilled that obligation by passing the Judiciary Act of 1789.