SAT Subject US History Practice Question 59: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 59

2. The Pacific Railway Act had all the following effects EXCEPT:

A. the arrival in California of thousands of Chinese immigrants
B. a rise in the national rate of employment
C. an increase in westward migration by people in search of jobs with the railroad
D. the sale of surplus railroad land to homesteaders
E. a decline in production in the steel industry

Correct Answer: E


The railroad became one of the largest employers in the nation. It actively recruited Chinese to come to the United States to work. People moved west to buy railroad land for farms and to work on the railroad. The steel industry expanded production because it made railroad tracks and parts of railroad cars.

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