SAT Subject US History Practice Question 603: Answer and Explanation
44. Which of the following best describes Andrew Carnegie's practice of acquiring companies that pro vided raw materials and services for his steel business?
A. Vertical integration
B. Lateral growth
C. Cross-disciplinary exploitation
D. Venture capitalism
E. Horizontal integration
Correct Answer: A
Carnegie integrated his business vertically by owning all aspects of production and service related to it, from bottom to top.