SAT Subject US History Practice Question 651: Answer and Explanation
2. Which event was the most important cause of the Nullification Crisis?
A. The passage of the Force Act under Andrew Jackson
B. The debates between Robert Y. Hayne and Daniel Webster
C. The Treaty of Ghent after the War of 1812
D. The passage of the Compromise Tariff of 1833
E. The passage of the 1828 Tariff of Abominations
Correct Answer: E
The Nullification Crisis (1832-1833) occurred when the South Carolina legislature insisted on its right to declare federal tariff laws "null, void, and no law, nor binding upon this State." The first and most famous protest by South Carolina was against the Tariff of Abominations (1828). The crisis was one of the most important events of the Jacksonian period. The Force Act (A), which gave the president authority to use military power to enforce the tariff, was one of Jackson's reactions to the nullification attempt. The debates between Hayne and Webster (B) were about the Nullification Crisis, not its cause. The Compromise Tariff of 1833 (D) was the resolution of the crisis. The Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War of 1812 (C), had nothing to do with nullification.