SAT Subject US History Practice Question 654: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 654

5. The publication of The Jungle contributed to rapid passage of the

A. Interstate Commerce Act.
B. Wade-Davis Bill.
C. Pure Food and Drug Act.
D. 15th Amendment.
E. Clayton Antitrust Act.

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

The vivid descriptions of meatpacking in Upton Sinclair's 1906 novel turned many readers' stomachs. The public wanted some sort of regulation of the industry. Many businesses within the industry itself did not object to the act, as they were eager for the industry to shed its bad image. The novel falls within the category of muckraking, even though it is a fictionalized account. The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 (A) was a response to abuses by the railroads. The Wade-Davis Bill (B) was a plan for Reconstruction that Lincoln refused to sign. The 15th Amendment (D), which gave African American men the right to vote, was also a Reconstruction era action. The Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914 (E) dealt with trusts and monopoly practices-issues not central to The Jungle.

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