SAT Subject US History Practice Question 655: Answer and Explanation
6. A philosophical basis of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal was the
A. philosophy of Herbert Hoover.
B. practice of laissez-faire by the government.
C. combination of relief, recovery, and reform.
D. idea that wars end depression.
E. importance of gaining the approval of Congress before he established his programs.
Correct Answer: C
Relief, recovery, and reform were the cornerstones of the New Deal. Roosevelt sought to help people in need survive, stimulate the economy, and change the practices that led to the Depression in the first place. Hoover did not believe in direct government involvement in the lives of the people (A), while Roosevelt was ready to use the power of the government to solve the economic problems of the 1930s. Laissez-faire (B), a French term loosely translated as "allow to do," meant that there would be little or no government interference in business. This was the direct opposite of FDR's New Deal. Some believe that the war finally ended the Depression (D), but that was not the basis of the New Deal. Roosevelt made it clear in his Inaugural Address of 1933 that he would take action whether Congress supported him or not (E).