SAT Subject US History Practice Question 66: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 66

3. In the late 1870s, the Republican Party was divided primarily over the issue of

A. the gold standard
B. civil-service reform
C. racial segregation
D. women's rights
E. raising taxes

Correct Answer: B


Republicans either supported civil-service reform or opposed it. Since this issue directly affected who would hold government jobs, it was important to the political party and caused a split when the two sides could not agree.

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