SAT Subject US History Practice Question 670: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 670

21. Rhode Island and the Massachusetts Bay Colony differed in that Rhode Island

A. was a theocracy.
B. was a royal colony.
C. lacked religious freedom.
D. practiced a policy of separation of church and state.
E. was located in New England.

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

Roger Williams, the founder of Rhode Island, had been banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony because he disagreed with the government-supported church established there. He believed in the separation of church and state. It was Massachusetts that was a theocracy (A), not Rhode Island. Massachusetts was a royal colony (B), while Rhode Island was a self-governing colony. All groups, including Quakers, enjoyed religious freedom (C) in Rhode Island. Both colonies were located in New England (E).

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