SAT Subject US History Practice Question 671: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 671

22. The First and Second Great Awakenings were similar in that both

A. made use of revivals to attempt to convert the sinful.
B. enforced the Puritan use of incense.
C. encouraged long periods of silence during services so that the congregation felt the spirit of God.
D. were purely American phenomena.
E. employed deistic approaches to religious belief.

Correct Answer: A


The First and Second Great Awakenings were characterized by large-scale revival meetings. The Puritans opposed the Catholic and Anglican use of incense (B). It was the Quakers who had long periods of silence (C), not the evangelicals of the Second Great Awakening nor the fiery preachers of the First Great Awakening. Both Great Awakenings were international phenomena (D), not purely American. Developed in the 17th and 18th centuries, deism (E) proposes that the existence of God, who created the universe and then left it to function alone, can be proven by reason and nature alone, not by supernatural manifestation.

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