SAT Subject US History Practice Question 676: Answer and Explanation
27. The use of the atomic bomb by the United States in 1945 was significant in that it
A. hastened the end of World War II.
B. caused the defeat of Harry Truman in the election of 1948.
C. led to the formation of the United Nations.
D. ushered in the computer age.
E. was the direct cause of the Cold War.
Correct Answer: A
Soon after the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan signed the peace treaty that ended World War II. Truman won the election of 1948 (B). The United Nations was established after World War II but not as a result of the bombings (C). The computer age began in the 1960s with space exploration (D). The problems over establishing peace, which developed between the democracies of the United States and Europe and the totalitarian government under the Soviet Union, were the fundamental causes of the Cold War (E).