SAT Subject US History Practice Question 678: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 678

29. All of the following Cold War ideas involved Europe EXCEPT

A. the Truman Doctrine.
B. the domino theory.
C. Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD).
D. containment.
E. détente.

Correct Answer: B


The domino theory of Eisenhower and Kennedy stated that Communism would spread like falling dominoes-a theory that originated as a description of the spread of Communism in Southeast Asia. Containment (D), George R. Kennan's 1947 idea, was the policy of attempting to stop Soviet expansion. The Truman Doctrine (A) was a 1948 Cold War philosophy that America should support free (non-Communist) peoples; it was developed in response to the situation in Greece. Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD) (C) refers to the situation beginning in the 1950s in which the nuclear peace was maintained because both the United States and the USSR were scared by the realization that the use of nuclear weapons would result in a massive nuclear retaliation. Détente (E) was Nixon's overture to the USSR to reduce arms and develop more cordial relations (1972-1974).

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