SAT Subject US History Practice Question 680: Answer and Explanation
31. As a result of the French and Indian War, the American colonists developed a
A. hostile attitude toward the Indians.
B. greater sense of self-confidence.
C. greater respect for the British.
D. desire to create a strong army.
E. desire to ally with Spain.
Correct Answer: B
The Americans developed a greater self-confidence after fighting the French and Indian War. They realized that the British were not invincible. Fighting together, the Americans of the 13 colonies also realized that they had much in common and shared many ideas. Hostility against the Indians (A) did not begin with the French and Indian War, although the acquisition of new territory led to Pontiac's Rebellion. The Americans lost respect (C) for the British as a result of the war. The Americans were still happy to depend on Britain for protection and, therefore, were not interested in building a strong army (D). However, the colonists' need for protection diminished because the French threat had been removed. There was no desire on the part of the Americans to ally with the Spanish (E), although the Americans did want the use of the Mississippi. After the French and Indian War, Spain dominated Mississippi River shipping by virtue of its control of New Orleans (and the land west of the Mississippi).