SAT Subject US History Practice Question 681: Answer and Explanation
32. The beginnings of a uniquely American culture in the 1700s were seen in
A. the success of the American generals who fought in the French and Indian War.
B. John Locke's views regarding human rights.
C. the development of the belief in transcendentalism.
D. the works of artists and poets like John Trumbull and Phillis Wheatley.
E. the writing of the "Star-Spangled Banner" by Francis Scott Key.
Correct Answer: D
The French and Indian War (A) took place from 1754 to 1763. John Trumbull was a painter who lived during the late 1700s and painted portraits of Hamilton, Jay, and Washington. Phillis Wheatley, an African slave, was a poet of the same period. Their works were evidence of the beginnings of a distinctly American culture. John Locke's views (B) influenced American leaders, including Thomas Jefferson, who incorporated much of Locke's thought in the Declaration of Independence. Locke, however, was an Englishman, not an American. Transcendentalism (C) was a movement that took place in the 1830s and refers to a belief that people have an inner light that could help them find the truth. The "Star-Spangled Banner" (E) was written by Francis Scott Key during the War of 1812.