SAT Subject US History Practice Question 695: Answer and Explanation
46. Most of the prominent labor battles of the late 19th century, such as the Railroad Strike of 1877 and the Pullman Strike of 1894, occurred in the aftermath of
A. government recognition of workers' right to organize unions.
B. deadly accidents.
C. production speedups.
D. wage cuts.
E. the formation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO).
Correct Answer: D
A pattern emerged in the Gilded Age of employers cutting wages and workers rebelling. This occurred with the Railroad Strike of 1877 and Pullman Strike of 1894. Deadly accidents (B) certainly occurred in the 19th century, as did speedups (C), but neither sparked major labor battle. The government's recognition of workers' rights to organize unions (A) did not come until the Wagner Act, which was passed in 1935. The CIO (E) wasn't formed until 1936.