SAT Subject US History Practice Question 698: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 698

49. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal programs, which were designed to end the Great Depression,

A. were overwhelmingly effective in ending unemployment.
B. had a limited effect on ending the Depression.
C. led the United States into World War II.
D. were strongly supported by the Supreme Court.
E. led to the establishment of the Federal Reserve System.

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

Economic figures show that problems of unemployment and production only ended upon the entry of the United States into WWII. The New Deal had some positive effect early on but seemed less effective later. The economic figures show a decrease in unemployment from 24 percent to 14 percent by 1937, but they do not show an end to significant unemployment (A) until the outbreak of WWII. The problems in Europe and the attack by the Japanese on Pearl Harbor (C), not New Deal programs, led the United States into WWII. The Supreme Court was not supportive (D) of all the New Deal legislation and declared the Agricultural Adjustment Act and the National Recovery Act unconstitutional. This led to FDR's attempt to pack the Court. The Federal Reserve System (E) was established in 1913 under the Administration of Woodrow Wilson.

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