SAT Subject US History Practice Question 699: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 699

50. The Supreme Court's decision in the case of Roe v. Wade was based on

A. freedom of the press.
B. the right of habeas corpus.
C. executive privilege.
D. the right to privacy.
E. eminent domain.

Correct Answer: D


In Roe v. Wade (1972), the Supreme Court, under Nixon's appointee Warren Burger, decided that abortion was protected by the Constitution on the basis of a woman's right to privacy, derived from the due process clause of the 14th Amendment. The other rights were not involved in the Roe case. Freedom of the press (A) was involved in the Pentagon Papers case; habeas corpus (B) is used in death penalty cases to obtain a new trial. Executive privilege (C) was used by President Richard Nixon to attempt to prevent handing the Watergate tapes to the special prosecutor, and the right of eminent domain (E) allows a government to take over land when it sees fit.

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