SAT Subject US History Practice Question 700: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 700

51. The adoption of the Barbados Slave Codes by South Carolina in 1696 resulted in

A. an increased number of indentured servants.
B. the development of the abolition movement in the North.
C. the development of chattel slavery in the colonies, which centered on race.
D. Bacon's Rebellion.
E. the development of a paternalistic view of slavery in South Carolina.

Correct Answer: C


The Barbados Slave Codes were passed by the British to control the slaves in the West Indies. They were harsh and gave the masters total control over slaves, who were described as racially inferior. When South Carolina adopted the Barbados Slave Codes in 1696, it provided a legal basis for chattel slavery (the use of slaves as property) based upon race. The Barbados Slave Codes did not affect indentured servitude (A). Abolition (B) was not a part of a slave code that legalized slavery. Bacon's Rebellion in 1676 (D) occurred in Virginia and led to an increase in the number of African American, not Indian, slaves. The paternalistic attitude (E) of the South toward the slaves was most widely used to justify the continuation of slavery after the 1830s.

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