SAT Subject US History Practice Question 706: Answer and Explanation
57. "Blue laws," supported by the Republican Party in many states during the Gilded Age,
A. regulated the number of hours children could work.
B. mandated that producers honestly portray the contents of their products.
C. provided price supports for struggling farmers.
D. reformed civil service procedures.
E. made illegal certain activities that were seen by some as immoral.
Correct Answer: E
These activities included gambling and drinking on Sundays. The Democratic Party, with its support among working-class and immigrant city dwellers, tended to oppose "blue laws." Child labor (A) was challenged by the 1916 Keating-Owen Act, which was declared unconstitutional in 1918. Child labor was outlawed by the 1938 Fair Labor Standards Act. Mandating that producers honestly portray the contents of their products (B) was a result of the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act. The Agricultural Adjustment Act (1933) provided price supports for farmers (C), and the Pendleton Act (1881) reformed civil service procedures (D).