SAT Subject US History Practice Question 709: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 709

60. In his farewell address, President Dwight D. Eisenhower

A. urged future administrations to avoid entanglements with European powers.
B. predicted that environmental issues would become more important in the nation's future.
C. castigated Joseph McCarthy for his excessive zeal.
D. advocated that the government wage a war on illicit drugs.
E. warned the nation of the power of the military-industrial complex.

Correct Answer: E


Eisenhower warned that the power of the "military-industrial complex" was growing virtually unchecked. Arms manufacturers and the military establishment posed a danger, he said, to freedom and democracy. "Entangling alliances" (A) is a phrase from Washington's farewell address. Environmental questions (B) did not become national political concerns until 1970. Eisenhower turned against Senator McCarthy in 1954 (C). Illicit drugs (D) did not become a major political issue until the 1960s and 1970s.

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