SAT Subject US History Practice Question 717: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 717

68. After World War II, NATO was formed primarily to

A. assist emerging nations in Asia.
B. stop the spread of Communism in Europe.
C. promote democratic reforms in Latin America.
D. provide economic aid to war-torn nations in Europe.
E. halt the growth of fascism in southern Africa.

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

NATO was a defensive alliance designed to halt Soviet expansion in Europe after World War II. The United States and 11 Western European nations joined NATO, which stands for North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Immediately after WWII, there was no attempt to aid emerging nations in Asia (A) or to help Latin America (C). It was the Marshall Plan, not NATO, that brought economic aid to Europe (D). The United States was not concerned with fascism in Africa (E).

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