SAT Subject US History Practice Question 728: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 728

79. All of the following increased participation in the political process in the 20th century EXCEPT the

A. 19th Amendment, giving women the right to vote.
B. 17th Amendment, providing for the direct election of U.S. senators.
C. 14th Amendment, granting civil rights to freedmen and women.
D. Voting Rights Act of 1965.
E. passage of state referendum acts.

Correct Answer: C


The 14th Amendment was passed in 1868 and had little effect in increasing political participation in the 20th century. The 19th Amendment (A), ratified in 1920, increased political participation by allowing women to vote. The 17th Amendment (B), ratified in 1913, increased political participation by allowing the voters to elect directly U.S. senators. The Voting Rights Act (D), passed in 1965, was specifically aimed at ending obstructions previously raised against African American voters in the South. Referendum acts (A), which allowed citizens to vote on ballot questions, were 20th-century measures passed in the Progressive Era.

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