SAT Subject US History Practice Question 731: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 731

82. I. "The Kansas-Nebraska Act authorizes the further extension of slavery and we have, do now, and will continue to protest most emphatically against … slavery." (1854)

II. "The territories were the common property of the several states. As a joint agent of the states, Congress has no power to deny the citizens of any state the right to take their property into a territory… Therefore slavery is legal in the territories. If Wilmot carries, woe, woe I say to the union." (1850)

III. "We beg the slave owners to pause before they proceed further to disturb the peace we had hoped the Compromise of 1850 would have made perpetual." (1854)

Which of the above statement(s) would John C. Calhoun have supported?

A. I
B. II
C. III
D. I and III
E. II and III

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

John C. Calhoun, after writing the South Carolina Exposition and Protest against the "Tariff of Abominations" in 1827, became one of the most prominent leaders of the South. He was strongly pro-slavery and would have supported speaker II. Speaker I opposes slavery in the West, which Calhoun supported. Speaker III is in favor of the Compromise of 1850, which Calhoun opposed. Calhoun had died by the end of 1850.

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