SAT Subject US History Practice Question 755: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 755

16. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor resulted in all of the following EXCEPT

A. U.S. entry into World War II.
B. hostility toward Japanese people in the United States.
C. women entering the workforce in large numbers in the United States.
D. an end to segregation in the armed forces.
E. an end to the Great Depression.

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

The attack on Pearl Harbor did not result in the end of segregation in the armed forces. Segregation ended after World War II. The attack did result in the U.S. declaration of war against Japan, thrusting the United States into World War II (A). The Pearl Harbor attack brought distrust and hostility towards Japanese-Americans, who were interned during World War II (B). As factories stepped up production of war equipment, women entered the workforce (C) and the unemployment rate declined, bringing the Depression to an end (E).

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