SAT Subject US History Practice Question 769: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 769

30. The Iran Hostage Crisis of 1979-1981

A. reflected resentment of the U.S. support of the shah of Iran.
B. aided Jimmy Carter's bid for re-election in 1980.
C. increased American prestige.
D. heightened Cold War tensions.
E. caused a global oil crisis.

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

The students who occupied the U.S. Embassy in Iran were angered at U.S. support of the deposed shah of Iran. One major reason Jimmy Carter was not re-elected in 1980 (B) was his inability to resolve the hostage crisis. American prestige was severely damaged (C) since the superpower was unable to rescue the hostages. Cold War tensions (D) did not increase, nor did a global oil crisis (E) develop during the hostage crisis (an oil crisis occurred earlier-in 1973).

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