SAT Subject US History Practice Question 774: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 774

35. In the early 20th century, the Progressive movement advocated reform in all of the following areas EXCEPT

A. the power of trusts.
B. conditions for factory workers.
C. political corruption.
D. segregation of the races in public facilities.
E. problems of democratic participation.

Correct Answer: D


In general, the Progressive movement accepted the prevailing racist notions about segregation. The most vivid example of this was Wilson's resegregation of government offices. The Progressive movement made strides on all of the other issues. The Clayton Antitrust Act addressed the issues of monopolistic business practices (A). State minimum wage laws addressed the conditions (B) of factory workers. Lincoln Steffens's Shame of the Cities exposed municipal corruption (C). The 17th Amendment provided for the direct election of senators (E).

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