SAT Subject US History Practice Question 786: Answer and Explanation
47. What was the main goal of the Truman Doctrine?
A. Elimination of communism
B. Implementation of the "Domino Theory"
C. Containment of communism
D. Reconstruction of Western Europe after World War II
E. Assistance to British colonies in Africa
Correct Answer: C
President Harry S. Truman sought to contain the spread of communism. In 1947, his request for funds to preserve the independence of Greece and Turkey from communist subjugation was approved by Congress. Although the elimination of communism (A) was an ultimate U.S. goal, the Truman Doctrine only sought to contain it. The Domino Theory (B) was a belief expressed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1953 and is most closely associated with the effects of the spread of communism in Southeast Asia. Although the United States helped in the rebuilding efforts in Europe (D) during Truman's administration, the Truman Doctrine was aimed specifically at containing communism. The Truman Doctrine was specifically targeted at Greece and Turkey and not at the British colonies in Africa (E).