SAT Subject US History Practice Question 787: Answer and Explanation
48. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act
A. allowed law enforcement authorities to check personal records without a search warrant.
B. forbade U.S. military personnel from torturing prisoners at Abu Ghraib.
C. allowed for the construction of a fence along the U.S.-Mexico border.
D. created the Troubled Asset Relief Program.
E. established strict procedures to prevent accounting fraud.
Correct Answer: E
Congress passed the Sarbanes-Oxley Act in response to corporate scandals of the early 2000s, including the bankruptcies of Enron and WorldCom. The Patriot Act (A) allowed the government to check personal records without a search warrant. Though nine Army reservists were convicted of abusing detainees at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, no legislation was ever passed to prohibit abuse; it was already illegal. The 2006 Secure Fence Act allowed for the construction of a fence along the U.S.-Mexico border (C). The Troubled Asset Relief Program was part of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (D).