SAT Subject US History Practice Question 790: Answer and Explanation
Benjamin Franklin, 1754
The drawing above was suggesting that the American colonists
A. support the Dominion of New England.
B. join the New England Confederation.
C. send representatives to the First Continental Congress.
D. approve the Albany Plan of Union.
E. revise the Articles of Confederation.
Correct Answer: D
The drawing represented Benjamin Franklin's 1754 proposal for the Albany Plan of Union to provide for colonial defense. The date and name under the drawing help to identify the purpose of the cartoon. The Dominion of New England (A) was established in 1686 by the British crown to control the New England colonies. It was headed by Sir Edmund Andros, who restricted town meetings and controlled the courts. The New England Confederation (B) was formed in 1643 to establish colonial defenses, not only against the Indians but also against the Dutch and French. It marked the first attempt at intercolonial cooperation. The First Continental Congress (C) was called in 1774 to discuss colonial response to the Intolerable Acts. The Articles of Confederation (E) was the frame of government passed in 1781.