SAT Subject US History Practice Question 799: Answer and Explanation
60. Which statement explains why gay rights organizations opposed the policy adopted during the Clinton administration regarding gays in the military?
A. It prohibited gays from serving in the military.
B. It prohibited gays from serving in combat.
C. It provided for segregation of gay troops.
D. Its frank acceptance of gay soldiers endangered public support.
E. It did not protect openly gay soldiers from discrimination.
Correct Answer: E
Although Clinton first proposed allowing gays to serve openly in the military, this proposal met stiff opposition in Congress and in the military. Under the compromise policy labeled "Don't Ask, Don't Tell," gay soldiers were not obligated to divulge their sexual practices, and commanding officers were not permitted to initiate investigations of soldiers' sexual lives. However, openly gay troops would still be discharged from the armed forces. This policy was criticized because it fell short of protecting the rights of gays. Gays were permitted to serve in the military (A) and engage in combat (B), and Clinton's policy did not mandate segregation (C) for homosexual soldiers. This policy was not a frank acceptance of gay soldiers (D).